Ecuador is distinguished as the country of the four worlds for having regions such as the coast, the mountains, the Amazon and the Galapagos, each with a different climate, in which its beautiful and diverse landscapes come to light, admired by foreigners, recognized for its great culture. and art internationally, as well as being one of the best options to visit because Ecuador is listed as the best destination.
En la provincia de Imbambura hay un pueblo llamado Otavalo en el cual radican los artesanos dedicados a fabricar chales, ponchos, bufandas, cobijas y los hermosos telares que es de mucha dedicación y paciencia, al momento de tejerlo es una verdadera obra de arte, pues están hecho por manos valiosas de artesanos dedicado a este tipo de artes como lo son los telares artesanales tejidos.
Process of elaboration of handmade woven Wool-Alpaca looms
Cannoned or Cannoned. – This art begins with the first step, which is to wind the threads of the cones or wooden spools or plastic tubes are used and thus they make the cannons or bobbins of threads. The artisans are in charge of placing the thread in the center of the spool, which in turn has been placed on the winch in order to start winding the spool.
Weave. – The warp is a device that is made up of two wooden frames and in the upper part there is a piece called a cross, which is where the initial end of the threads is located. Therefore, the warp is the set of parallel threads, between which the weft or horizontal threads pass to form the fabric.
Creased. – the fabric is folded so that it is rolled up in the folding cylinder, it is pulled by passing it under it to the back of the loom on the reel and the fabric continues to be passed under the parapet and there it gives the turn back until you reach the front of the loom again.
Paste. – If the next fabric is exactly the same as the one already woven, we proceed to gluing, that is, all the planning of the threads according to the design is saved and only the arrangement of these is repeated. The initial threads of the cloth are joined with the final threads of a cloth that is already woven, which is done by means of a knot.
Review. – If the design being woven has any variation, this step is carried out. In this case, the threads are threaded or passed through the eyes of the meshes of the heddles and each of the tines of the comb; in order to establish the planning of the design of the fabric to be woven.
Weave. – Begin to pass the thread horizontally as many times as necessary to achieve the fabric in this way. In general, this action can be performed only by one person who, in turn, to achieve this, steps on the pedals so that the healds go up or down.